Under the County Easement Purchase Program an interested landowner voluntarily agrees to sell to the County Agriculture Development Board the development rights to his or her property, and a permanent deed restriction is then placed on the land. A landowner's agreement to accept permanent agricultural deed restrictions in return for compensation is known as "sale of development easements." Landowners retain ownership of (and may even choose to sell) preserved land, with the new deed restriction ensuring that the land will not undergo non farm development. The county and state share easement purchase costs, which represent the difference between a property's farm (or deed restricted) value and its full market value. Land value is determined by appraisal. Most farms have entered the Farmland Preservation Program through the sale of development rights.
If you are interested in preserving your farm by selling the development easement, below you will find information about the application process, program summary, deed restrictions, historical easement values, application form, as well as other useful information.
Under the Eight-Year Program, landowners voluntarily restrict development on their land for a period of eight years. There are two types of eight-year programs: municipally approved programs, which require a formal agreement among the landowner, county and municipality, and non-municipally approved programs, which require an agreement between only the landowner and county. Landowners apply to their county agriculture development board. Although they receive no direct compensation, landowners enrolled in both programs are eligible to receive grants for up to 50% of the cost of conservation projects such as irrigation systems, erosion control measures, underground or permanent open drainage systems, windbreak restoration, contour farming, terrace systems and more. Additionally, those in municipally approved programs enjoy greater protections from emergency fuel and water rationing, and eminent domain actions.
If you are interested in applying to the Eight-Year Program, below you will find information about the program, including applications, sample agreements, list of projects eligible for Soil & Water Conservation Project Cost Sharing, as well as, other useful information.
The Morris County Farmland Preservation program began with the permanent preservation of the Cupo Farm, a 14-acre farm in Washington Township, on December 28, 1987.
Since 1987, an additional 122 farms have been permanently preserved. The "Cumulative Preserved Acres" chart shows the progress of the Morris County Farmland Preservation effort since 1987. The "Annual Preserved Acres" chart shows the number of acres that were preserved each year since 1987. January 2014, 122 farms totalling 7,507 acres have been permanently preserved (List of Preserved Farms). Another 7 farms are currently in various stages of the easement purchase program, which will raise the total permanently preserved acreage by 2015 to over 7,956 acres in 15 municipalities (List of Farms Pending Preservation).
Towns with permanently preserved farms include: Boonton Township, Chester Borough, Chester Township, Denville Township, Harding Township, Lincoln Park Borough, Long Hill Township, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township, Montville Township, Mt. Olive Township, Randolph Township, Rockaway Township, and Washington Township (see table below). Washington Township leads in the number of preserved acres in the county. This is not surprising since Washington Township ranks 1st in farmland acreage in the county with 10,815 acres (see table below). Chester Township is second in the county in the number of preserved acres and ranks 2nd in farmland acreage with 3,880 acres.
Municipalities with pending applications include: Mendham Township, Morris Township and Washington Township.
The "Morris County Municipal Land Area and Farmland Acreage" chart shows the percentage of preserved farmland for each municipality. The "Morris County Preserved Farmland Acreage vs. Town Size" chart shows the total preserved farmland acreage vs. town size.
Another 3 farms, consisting of over 78 acres, are currently enrolled in the Eight-Year Program. They are located in Chester Township, Mendham Township, and Washington Township.
The Morris County Preservation Trust Fund was established in 1992. The regulations governing the Trust Fund allocate 25% of the fund exclusively for farmland preservation purposes. The following table summarizes the county funding for the Farmland Preservation Program. The levy for 2012 has been set at 1.25 cents per $100 of equalized county valuation.
Morris County Preservation Trust Fund
Farmland Preservation Allocation (25%)
| $ 738,711
Adopted July 17, 2008
The Morris County Farmland Preservation Program began with the permanent preservation of the Cupo Farm, a 14-acre farm in Washington Township, on December 28, 1987. As of December 2007, the Morris CADB has permanently preserved 101 farms in the County totaling 6,478 acres. Interest in the program continues. With 29,998 acres of farm assessed property in Morris County (as of December 2007), there is still a lot of work to be done.
Due to the growing success of New Jersey’s Farmland Preservation Program, the State Agriculture Development Committee (SADC) adopted new program rules that streamline the preservation process. The new rules allow a more timely expenditure of public preservation funds and provide the ability to keep up with the increased development pressure in the State.
A major component of the new program rules is the development and adoption of a County Comprehensive Farmland Preservation Plan (Plan). This Plan allows for preservation applications to be processed more efficiently and provides a more strategic approach to preserving farmland in our County.
On July 17, 2008, the Morris CADB and the Morris County Planning Board held a joint Public Hearing regarding the Plan and the modification of the Morris County Agricultural Development Area (ADA). Following the Public Hearing, the Morris County Planning Board adopted the Plan as an element of the Morris County Master Plan. The Morris CADB adopted the Plan and approved the modification of the ADA.
|Comprehensive Farmland Preservation Plan:||Cover Page|
|Table of Contents|
|Chapter I: Morris County's Agricultural Land Base|
|Chapter II: Morris County's Agricultural Industry|
|Chapter III: Land Use Planning Context (PDF 2.1MB)|
|Chapter IV: Morris County's Farmland Preservation Program|
|Chapter V: Future Farmland Preservation Program|
|Chapter VI: Economic Development|
|Chapter VII: Natural Resource Conservation|
|Chapter VIII: Agricultural Industry Sustainability, Retention and Promotion|
|Soils in Morris County (4.5 MB)|
|Farmland in Morris County (9 MB)|
|Agricultural Development Area (5 MB)|
|Northeast Project Area (770 KB)|
|Central Project Area - North (879 KB)|
|Central Project Area - South (617 KB)|
|West Project Area - South (534 KB)|
|West Project Area - North (634 KB)|
|Appendix A: Mission Statement|
|Appendix B: Preserved Farms|
|Appendix C: Farmland Preservation Program Statistics|
|Appendix D: Charts: Cumulative & Annual Acres Preserved|
|Appendix E: Pending Projects|
|Appendix F: Morris CADB Policies (PDF 1MB)|
|Appendix G: Ranking System|
|Appendix H: Washington Township's Cluster Ordinance (PDF 1MB)|
|Appendix I: SADC's Right to Farm Model Ordinance|
|Appendix J: NJ State Development and Redevelopment Plan (PDF 1MB)|
|Appendix K: Goals and Objectives of the Morris County Master Plan|
|Appendix L: 8-9-07 Morris CADB Meeting Minutes (PDF 1.5MB)|
|Appendix M: 8-Year Program Farms|
|Reports:||List of Farms Eligible for Preservation|
|Farm Eligibility:||To review the criteria utilized by the Morris CADB to select and rank farms, please see Policy: P-8, Easement Purchase Program Eligibility and Ranking System and Policy: P-9, Agricultural Development Area (ADA).|